The canine family is split into 3 groups: the lupine group(wolf-like canids) , the vulpine group(fox-like canids) and the basal canids(modern-day canids that evolved before the ancestors of dogs and foxes split and became different species). The vulpine group includes all true foxes,which includes every species of fox except for the bat-eared fox and the south american false foxes or zorros. The basal group contains only two members: the raccoon dog, also known as the tanuki, and the bat-eared fox. Jackals, wolves,coyotes, dholes, african wild dogs, bush dogs, dingoes, maned wolves, and the south american foxes or zorros are all part of the lupine group. Not all of the lupine members resemble or behave like wolves, a prime example being the bush dogs, which look more like a teddy bear or a chubby yellow bear cub. All true foxes typically seem to actually look like foxes though.
The canid family is then further split into different genus. The true foxes(vulpines) include the genus Vulpes(most foxes), Alopex(the arctic fox's genus), and Urocyon(the genus of the gray fox and island gray fox). Fourteen of the members of the 37 member Canidae(canid) family are true foxes. The zorros or south american foxes,part of the lupine group,are actually more closely related to wolves.The genus of the zorros are Atelocynus(the small-eared zorro),Cerdocyon(the crab-eating zorro), and pseudoplex(the rest of the zorros). There are 8 zorros. In additon to this, there is also one basal "fox", the bat-eared fox. If someone chooses to think of zorros and the bat-eared "fox" as foxes because of their simliar look and ecological niche to true foxes, that means that the dog family would be made up of 23 "foxes",which is more than half of the members! This is impressive since most people at first think foxes are part of the cat family! Foxes aren't even remotely related to felids(the feline/cat family).
There are 3 species of wolf in the world, the red wolf, gray wolf, and ethiopian wolf,but many subspecies of gray wolf, some of the most famous being the arctic and eastern timber wolves . The ethiopian wolf was once classified as a jackal and is sometimes also called the Simien Jackal. Further study on this endangered canid revealed that it was actually a true wolf. The red wolf was once considered either a gray wolf/coyote hybrid or a subspecies of gray wolf. DNA analysis, however, realized that it's its own unique species and the most critically endangered lupine canid in the world. The only other two canid species that are critically endangered are the Darwin's (false) fox or zorro and the Island Fox. There are alot more endangered canid species though. The maned wolf, also known as a stilt-legged fox, is neither a true fox or a true wolf nor is it a zorro or basal canid. It is part of the lupine group,but is in it's own unique genus by itself.There are 3 species of jackal in the world as well, the side-striped jackal, black-backed jackal, and the golden jackal. All species of both wolves and jackals belong to the genus Canis.
Other members of the genus Canis include coyotes,dingoes, and domestic dogs. Coyotes have their own classification,but some scientists consider them to be closely related to jackals. They were once referred to as American Jackals. Dingoes and domestic dogs are classified by some scientists as subspecies of the gray wolf. However, some scientists consider the domestic dog it's own seperate species and the dingo as a subspecies of domestic dog. Still other scientists consider the dingo simply a breed of domestic dog that went feral many generations ago and not its own unique subspecies. Another member of the canid family,which is less well known, is the New Guinea Singing Dog, which is variously considered either a subspecies of dingo or a breed of domestic dog.
Dholes and African Wild dogs,though they share some simlliarities with the Canis genus, each belong to their own genus, the dhole to Cuon and the African Wild Dog to Lycoan. The dhole and african wild dog are neither closely related to the Canis canines nor each other. The last two canids in the family, the bush dog(lupine) and raccoon dog(basal) ,each part of their own seperate genus and not closely related to each other or other canids, are rather unusual canids as the former, as mentioned above, looks like a teddy bear, while the latter looks simliar to an oversized raccoon.